26/11/2016 - JENKINS, LINUX, VAGRANT
In this example we're going to install Jenkins on Ubuntu 14.04, do basic configurations and access it on Internet with ngrok. The ngrok will be running on host machine though, not in vagrant box. Visit official Jenkins, installing Jenkins on Ubuntu and ngrok pages for more information. Jenkins requires a web server installed on your system so we're going to use apache as the web server.
I assume that you've already installed it and it is up an running. Mine is accessible via
http://192.168.10.11 IP address. Make sure you can access it too via
http://localhost or whatever it is set to.
You need to have a JDK and JRE installed. At the time of writing this post
openjdk-7-jdk were suggested.
$ sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre
$ sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk
$ java -version
java version "1.7.0_121"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (IcedTea 2.6.8) (7u121-2.6.8-1ubuntu0.14.04.1)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.121-b00, mixed mode)
$ wget -q -O - https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian/jenkins-ci.org.key | sudo apt-key add -
$ sudo sh -c 'echo deb http://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list'
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install jenkins
# Check jenkins status
$ sudo service jenkins status
Jenkins Continuous Integration Server is running with the pid 11444
# See default jenkins configuration
$ cat /etc/default/jenkins
Backing up everything about Jenkins is as simple as archiving
/var/lib/jenkins directory as shown below.
$ sudo tar czf jenkins-backup-2016-11-27.tgz /var/lib/jenkins
tar: Removing leading '/' from member names
$ ls -la
drwxr-xr-x 4 vagrant vagrant 4096 Nov 27 15:44 .
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Nov 27 14:48 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 vagrant vagrant 220 Apr 9 2014 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r-- 1 vagrant vagrant 3637 Apr 9 2014 .bashrc
drwx------ 2 vagrant vagrant 4096 Nov 27 14:48 .cache
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 78334420 Nov 27 15:44 jenkins-backup-2016-11-27.tgz
-rw-r--r-- 1 vagrant vagrant 675 Apr 9 2014 .profile
drwx------ 2 vagrant vagrant 4096 Nov 27 14:48 .ssh
To restore, manually unzip and replace the contents of the
/var/lib/jenkins directory from a back up file above.
To login, go to
http://192.168.10.11:8080 in your browser (use your own host name/IP). This will ask you to "Unlock Jenkins" so follow the on screen instructions to unlock it. After unlocking it, select "Suggested Plugins" option to install plugins. Ignore creating a new admin user and click "Continue as admin" button. You will be prompted "You've skipped creating an admin user. To log in, use the username: 'admin' and the administrator password you used to access the setup wizard." message to finish setup. As it says in the message, if you run
$ sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword, you'll see the password. When you click "Finish" button, you'll automatically be logged in to Jenkins and see "Welcome to Jenkins!" message.
We know that the Jenkins GUI is accessible via
http://192.168.10.11:8080 in our host machine but we're going to access it on Internet as well. To do this, we need to download and unzip ngrok in our host machine so go ahead and do it. Once unzipped (I unzipped it to my desktop), run it with command below.
Note: You can copy ngrok executable to your vagrant project's shared folder and run it with
$ ./ngrok http 80 inside vagrant box as well rather than doing it in your host machine.
$ ./ngrok http -host-header=rewrite 192.168.10.11:8080
ngrok by @inconshreveable (Ctrl+C to quit)
Session Status online
Region United States (us)
Web Interface http://127.0.0.1:4040
Forwarding http://d8792601.ngrok.io -> 192.168.10.11:8080
Forwarding https://d8792601.ngrok.io -> 192.168.10.11:8080
Connections ttl opn rt1 rt5 p50 p90
16 0 0.00 0.01 5.03 12.85
As you can see above, you can access ngrok web interface via
http://127.0.0.1:4040 to see what goes on with your current tunnel. In this case we're interested in "Forwarding" section so if you visit
https://d8792601.ngrok.io anywhere in the world, you'll be able access your Jenkins GUI which is what we wanted.